Shukri Sakkab worked for a LensCrafters retail store (LensCrafters owned by Luxottica) in California. When it filed a complaint against the company in a state court, alleging, inter alia, that Luxottica had failed to pay it and other employees overtime wages they had earned, the company proceeded to arbitration (Sakkab v. Luxottica Retail North America, Inc., 803 F.3d 425 (9th Cir. 2015)). Months after Navy Reservist Kevin Ziober started working at BLB Resources, his employer asked him to sign an arbitration clause. When it filed a lawsuit against the company, claiming that it had subsequently terminated it in violation of a federal law on the protection of service members, BLB forced an arbitration procedure of its claims. (Jessica Silver-Greenberg and Michael Corkery, Start-Ups Embrace Arbitration to Settle Workplace Disputes, N.Y. Times (May 14, 2016). In July 2016, former Fox News anchor Gretchen Carlson filed a lawsuit against Fox News President Roger Ailes, accusing her of sexual harassment. In response to Carlson`s complaint, Ailes requested that arbitration be imposed against Carlson`s allegations, pursuant to a forced arbitration clause in his working papers. (Ian Millhiser, The Dirty Trick Fox News Is Using To Undercut Gretchen`s Sexual Harassment Suit, ThinkProgress (July 11, 2016)).

Rita Wall and other plaintiffs worked for UPS for years when UPS gave up its positions. Ms. Wall and others wanted to stay and protect her retirement, but UPS reportedly misinformed her of the unavailability of similar positions. After being illegally forced to accept severance pay, Ms. Wall and others learned that similar positions existed, but that they were only available to much younger employees. Ms. Wall and her colleagues filed a complaint. The arbitration clause imposed on the severance pay agreement denied his day in court. Wand v. UPS Cari Butcher filed a complaint claiming that her former employer Bally Total Fitness had committed sexual harassment and sex discrimination, among other things. An appeals court ruled that the mandatory arbitration clause signed by Butcher at the beginning of his employment was precluded from asserting his rights in court. (Butcher v.

Bally Total Fitness Corp., Cuyahoga App. No. 81593, 2003-Ohio-1734 (April 3, 2003)). T. Jason Noye applied for a job at Johnson and Johnson Services Inc. (JJSI) through the Kelly Services (Kelly) personnel agency. Kelly demanded that Mr. Noye agree to arbitration. After accepting a job, he was denied his job because JJSI`s substantive check contained erroneous information. Mr. Noye filed a class action.

Kelly responded with a forced claim. The court sided with Kelly and broke Mr. . . .