The Israel-Jordan Peace Treaty (formerly the “Peace Treaty between the State of Israel and the Kingdom of Jordan”) [Note 1] is sometimes referred to as the Wadi Araba Treaty[1] is an agreement that ended the open conflict between the two countries and ended mutual diplomatic relations. The signing ceremony took place on 26 October 1994 at the southern crossing point of the Arabah. Jordan was the second Arab country to sign a peace agreement with Israel, after Egypt. [2] In 1987, Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres and King Hussein secretly attempted to conclude a peace agreement in which Israel would grant the West Bank to Jordan. They signed an agreement setting a framework for a Middle East peace conference. The proposal was not fully presented following the objection of Israeli Prime Minister Jitzchak Shamir. The following year, Jordan renounced the West Bank in favour of a peaceful solution between Israel and the PLO. [3] [4] But analysts based in Jordan are not the only ones blaming Israel for the cold relations between the two countries. He called relations between countries “really strong.” The bilateral talks between Israel and Jordan, launched at the Madrid conference, lasted nearly two years in Washington, until the signing of the Israeli-Jordanian Common Agenda on 14 September 1993. The Common Agenda was the plan of the peace treaty, which included security, water, refugees and displaced persons, borders and territorial issues. And then there was the chemistry between King Hussein, then the Jordanian leader, and the Israeli Prime Minister at the time, Yitzchak Rabin. “This is the charm that King Hussein felt for Rabin and vice versa,” Sharif says. “There was a personal chemistry between these two men and a vision of a new Middle East, a Riviera along the Red Sea, stretching from [Egypt] Sharm el-Sheikh to [Jordan] Aqaba to [Israel] Eilat.” Tensions between Jerusalem and Amman are almost as old as the peace agreement itself.

The first major crisis occurred in 1997, after Netanyahu replaced Jitzchak Rabin as prime minister, when Israel`s spy agency, Mossad, attempted (and failed) to assassinate senior Hamas leader Khaled Mashaal in broad daylight on the streets of Amman. Clashes broke out between Israeli forces and Palestinian militant groups in Gaza and the West Bank. [20] Hussein`s wife, Queen Noor, later claimed that her husband had trouble sleeping: “Everything he had worked all his life, every relationship he had laboriously built on trust and respect, every dream of peace and prosperity he had for Jordan`s children became a nightmare.