On 10 April 1998, an agreement was reached to put an end to the problems of Northern Ireland, known as the Good Friday Agreement. Here, historian Alan MacLeod studies the long road to the peace process, which wanted to reconcile two different traditions in Ireland – and looks at the legacy of the agreement… On 10 April 1998, the so-called Good Friday Agreement (or Belfast Agreement) was signed. The agreement helped end a period of conflict in the region, known as a riot. In order to show Sinn Féin the benefits of constitutional policy, Reynolds defended U.S. President Bill Clinton for Gerry Adams to obtain a visa for a visit to the United States. Clinton agreed, and Adams was granted a 48-hour visa in February 1994 to visit America, even though most of Clinton`s top advisers were against this, and very much to John Major`s rage. The visa was important as part of the broader choreography of the peace organization. But this did not lead to an immediate ceasefire by the IRA. A month later, the IRA demonstrated its continued reach by attacking Heathrow Airport.
However, the visit was important in the context of the debate process within the republican movement and finally, on 31 August 1994, the IRA announced its ceasefire. The ceasefire was followed in October 1994 by a ceasefire declared by loyalist paramilitaries. As part of the agreement, the British Parliament repealed the Government of Ireland Act 1920 (which had founded Northern Ireland, divided Ireland and asserted territorial right to the whole of Ireland) and the people of the Republic of Ireland amended Articles 2 and 3 of the Irish Constitution, which asserted a territorial right to Northern Ireland. Direct domination of London ended in Northern Ireland when power was formally transferred to the new Northern Ireland Assembly, the North-South Council and the Anglo-Irish Council when the opening decisions of the Anglo-Irish Agreement came into force on 2 December 1999.    Article 4, paragraph 2 of the Anglo-Irish Agreement (the agreement between the British and Irish governments on the implementation of the Belfast Agreement) required both governments to inquire in writing about compliance with the terms of entry into force of the Anglo-Irish Agreement; The latter is expected to come into effect as soon as both notifications are received.  The British government has agreed to participate in a televised ceremony at Iveagh House in Dublin, the Irish Foreign Office.